Environmental guidance for your business in Northern Ireland & Scotland
This guidance is for farmers that import wastes such as paper sludge and food wastes to spread on their land.
If you landspread wastes such as paper sludge, compost, dredging spoil or ash, you may need to register an exemption from waste management licensing.
If you have registered an exemption you must ensure that you do not:
|Landspreading activity||Type of permit or exemption reference|
|Landspreading sewage sludge on agricultural land
Read our guidance on landspreading sewage sludge
|Comply with the Sludge Regulations||Comply with the Sludge Regulations|
|Securely storing sewage sludge to be spread on agricultural land||Paragraph 10 exemption||Paragraph 8 exemption|
|Landspreading sewage sludge on non-agricultural land||Paragraph 10A exemption||Paragraph 8 exemption|
|Spreading waste on agricultural land for benefit or ecological improvement||Paragraph 9 exemption||Paragraph 7 exemption|
|Spreading waste on non-agricultural land for benefit or ecological improvement||Paragraph 9 exemption||Paragraph 7 exemption|
|Spreading waste for reclamation or improvement of land||Paragraph 11 exemption||Paragraph 9 exemption|
To qualify for exemptions from waste management licensing you must comply with other requirements. For example:
In Northern Ireland, for a full list of exempt wastes, see Schedule 2, paragraph 9, table 3 of the Waste Management Licensing (Northern Ireland) Regulations 2003.
In Scotland, for a full list of exempt wastes, see Appendix 4 of Section 5 of the Prevention of Environmental Pollution from Agricultural Activity (PEPFAA) Code.
In Northern Ireland all farmers must comply with spreading rules under the Nitrate Action Programme Regulations and the Phosphorous Regulations.
In Scotland check if you are in a nitrate vulnerable zone (NVZ). If you are within an NVZ you will need to follow certain rules, such as limiting the amount of organic and inorganic nitrogen fertiliser you use and keeping records.
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The codes of good agricultural practice provide more guidance on landspreading waste.
In Northern Ireland, see section 4 of the DARD code of good agricultural practice for water, air and soil.
In Scotland, see section 5 of the Prevention of Environmental Pollution from Agricultural Activity (PEPFAA) Code.
The Northern Ireland Environment Agency has published a short guide to the duty of care responsibilities including advice and information for waste producers, carriers and those accepting, storing and treating waste.
Any person intending to alter the use or management of areas of uncultivated or semi-natural land must obtain prior approval from the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA).
Read more on the DAERA website
The NetRegs team at SEPA, in partnership with The Northern Ireland Environment Agency, Natural Resources Wales and a number of industry bodies have produced 9 new GPPs to replace out of date PPGs. More are coming! Check the available topics
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