Environmental guidance for your business in Northern Ireland & Scotland
This guidance is relevant if your road transport business owns and operates refrigerated vehicles and equipment, including:
Refrigerated vehicles may contain fluorinated gases (F-gases). Older vehicles may contain ozone-depleting substances (ODS). These chemicals can cause significant harm to the environment by damaging the ozone layer and contributing to global warming, and may escape during servicing or at the end of the vehicle or equipment's life.
If the refrigerated transport you own or operate contains an ODS, such as a hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFCs) like R22, you must:
If you use recycled or reclaimed HCFCs in your vehicle or equipment during servicing or maintenance, you must also keep records, including who supplied the reclaimed gases and their source.
If your refrigerated transport contains F-gases, for example HFC 134a, you must:
ODS and F-gases must be recovered from refrigerated vehicles and equipment during servicing, repair or dismantling by a suitably qualified person. They could hold one of the following qualifications:
If you operate cars or light vans with air-conditioning that uses F-gases, you must comply with additional requirements. See our guidance on vehicle air-conditioning systems.
If you operate a distribution centre with chill or cold stores or air-conditioning equipment, you must comply with additional requirements. See our guidance on: F-gases in refrigeration and air-conditioning
You should use competent specialist contractors to install or decommission refrigeration equipment. Supervise their work to ensure that leaks are prevented and that solutions containing the refrigerant do not enter watercourses or surface water drains.
Establish a regular maintenance and inspection schedule to ensure leaks do not occur.
Buy a vehicle that suits your needs, for example smaller, more fuel efficient temperature controlled vans may be better for delivering within a town.
Ammonia refrigerants are highly toxic. You should never allow them to enter surface water drains, surface waters or groundwater. This causes pollution and you could be prosecuted. If water contaminated with ammonia does enter a surface water drain, surface waters or groundwater, report it immediately to the pollution hotline on 0800 80 70 60.
If contaminated water enters a sewer, you should tell your water or sewerage company or authority immediately.
Transfrigoroute, a trade association for hauliers and distributors, provides information and best practice standards on using temperature controlled transport.
The Northern Ireland Environment Agency has published a short guide to the duty of care responsibilities including advice and information for waste producers, carriers and those accepting, storing and treating waste.
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